The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) Library is a comprehensive collection devoted to modern and contemporary art. The noncirculating collection documents painting, sculpture, drawings, prints, photography, architecture, design, performance, video, film, and emerging art forms from 1880 to the present. Primary source collections are held by the Museum Archives. Collection highlights include works on Dada and Surrealism, The MoMA/Franklin Furnace Artist Book Collection, and the Political Art Documentation and Distribution (PAD/D) Archive.

MoMA has an active Library Council, which is a group of approximately one hundred members whose contributions benefit the historic and contemporary research collections in MoMA's Library and Museum Archives. A central focus of the Library Council is its artist's publication program. At least every other year, the Library Council publishes a specially printed artist's book or edition that is intended to shed light on the Museum collections and to give artists an opportunity to experiment with the book as an art form.